1)                               Ibn-e-Sina Gold Medal

2)                               Qasim Az-Zahrawi Gold Medal  

3)                               Al-Nafis Gold Medal

4)                               Jabir Bin Hayan Gold Medal  

5)                               Ar-Razi Gold Medal                                

 

The most eminent scientists and doctors who laid down the very foundations of the modern medicine. Here we give a brief introduction of these Great Founders of Modern Medicine!

 

 

 

Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan

(The Founder of Modern Chemistry and

Laboratory Experimentations & Sciences)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Great Muslim Scientist Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Haiyan (Geber) was father of both the laboratory science and chemistry. He was undoubtedly the pioneer in the field of Exact SciencsePerhaps Jabir's major practical achievement was the discovery of mineral and others acids, which he prepared for the first time. Apart from several contributions of basic nature to chemistry, largely the preparation of new compounds and development of chemical methods, he also developed a number of applied chemical processes, thus becoming a pioneer in the field of applied science. His achievements in this field include preparation of various metals, development of steel, dyeing of cloth and tanning of leather, varnishing of water-proof cloth, use of manganese dioxide in glass-making, prevention of rusting, lettering in gold, identification of paints, greases, etc


Ibn e - Sina

(Afshana near Bukhara 981-1037)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One of the greatest thinkers and medical scholars in history. His most important medical works are the Qanun (Canon) and a treatise on Cardiac drugs.

The young Abu Ali Ibn-e-Sina by the age of ten had become well versed in the study of the Qu'ran and various sciences.

In addition to bringing together the then available knowledge, the book is rich with the author's original contribution. His important original contribution includes such advances as recognition of the contagious nature of phthisis and tuberculosis; Distribution of diseases by water and soil, and interaction between psychology and health He studied different forms of energy, heat, light and mechanical, and such concepts as force, vacuum and infinity He concluded that if the perception of light is due to the emission of some sort of particles by the luminous source, the speed of light must be finite. He propounded an interconnection between time and motion, and also made investigations on specific gravity and used an air thermo- meter.

 

 

 

 

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya' ar-Razi,

865- 925 ((251 H-312 H). Rayy Iran

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Bulletin of the World Health Organization (WHO), May 1970, pays tribute to him by stating: "His writings on smallpox and measles show originality and accuracy, and his essay on infectious diseases was the first scientific treatise on the subject."

Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Ar-Razi, because of his eagerness for knowledge, he became more interested in the study of alchemy and chemistry, philosophy, logic, mathematics and physics.

Ar-Razi was a pioneer in many areas of medicine and treatment and the health sciences in general. In particular, he was a pioneer in the fields of pediatrics, obstetrics and ophthalmology. In medicine, his contribution was so significant that it can only be compared to that of Ibn Sina.

Ar-Razi was the first to give an account of the operation for the extraction of a cataract and also the first scientist to discuss the pupillary reaction or the widening and narrowing of the pupil of the eye. He explained that the reaction was due to the presence of small muscles which act according to the intensity of light.

Ar-Razi was a prolific author, who has left monumental treatises on numerous subjects. He has more than two hundred outstanding scientific contributions to his credit, out of which about half deal with medicine and twenty-one on Alchemy. He also wrote on physics, mathematics, astronomy and optics, but these writings could not be preserved.

 

Abu al-Qasim al-Zahravi (Albucasis)

Father of Modern surgery

(Zahra, near Qurtabah, Spain -936-1013)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Islamic Spain's illustrious surgeon, Az-Zahrawi, began ligating arteries with fine sutures over 500 years prior to Pare. He perfected the use of catgut. He instituted the use of cotton plus wax to plug bleeding wounds. The full details of his works were made available to Europeans through Latin translations. He became one of the most renowned surgeons of the Muslim era He performed many operations, dissection of animals, midwifery, and surgery of eye, ear and throat. His famous medical encyclopedia called at-Tasrif, which is composed of thirty volumes covering different aspects of medical science. It was translated in Europe. The book contains over 200 diagrams and illustrations of surgical instruments, in use or developed by him, and comprised a part of the medical curriculum in European countries for many centuries.

At-Tasreef includes sections on preventive medicine, nutrition, cosmetics, drug therapy, surgical technique, anesthesia, pre and post-operative care. The refined and scholarly Az-Zahrawi is the founder of rational surgery, not the uneducated Pare.

 

 


Ibn al-Nafis Damishqui

(Second Ibn-e-Sina)

(1213-1288, Egypt)

 

 

gOLDEN

 

 

 

Ala-al-Din Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Abi al-Hazm al-Qarshi al- Damashqi al-Misri was born in 607 A.H. of Damascus. He was educated at the Medical College-cum-Hospital founded by Nur al- Din Zangi. In medicine his teacher was Muhaththab al-Din Abd al- Rahim. Apart from medicine, Ibn al-Nafis learnt jurisprudence, literature and theology. He thus became a renowned expert on Shafi'i School of Jurisprudence as well as a reputed physician.

In his writing he stated clearly : the blood from the right chamber of the heart must arrive at the left chamber, but there is no direct pathway between them. The thick septum of the heart is not perforated and does not have visible pores as some people thought or invisible pores as Galen thought. The blood from the right chamber must flow through the vena arteriosa (pulmonary artery) to the lungs, spread through its substance, be mingled with air, pass through the arteria venosa (Pulmonary vein) to reach the left chamber of the heart ... Ibn al-Nafis also worked out the correct anatomy of the lungs and was the first person known to record the coronary circulation - the vessels supplying blood to the heart itself : the nourishment of the heart is from the blood that goes through the vessels that permeate the body of the heart. The other contribution of Ibn-e-Sina are numerous,. He is remembered for his knowledge and genius

 

 

WRITTEN BY PROFESSOR ANWAR UL HAQUE
HEAD OF DEPT OF PATHOLOGY