Pathology department was established in 1986. Dr. Khursheed Ahmad was the first Head of Pathology department. IH lab was the first component to be established followed by CH lab and MCH lab. Pathology Department is dynamically active in patient care, teaching, research administration and coordination. It caters patients of Islamabad / Rawalpindi, ICT & Northern areas of Pakistan. Soon after being established the department offered academic programs to residents including MPhil histopathology, chemical Pathology, microbiology and haematology followed by FCPS and MD histopathology. The department has 5 sections The sections include Histopathology & cytopathology, Haematology, Chemical Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology, Blood transfusion services. The laboratories are located at Islamabad Hospital, Children Hospital, Mother & Child Health (MCH) centre and Burn Care Centre (BCC).
Approximately 7 million tests / year are conducted in Pathology department. Procedures of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) and Bone marrows performed in 3000 and 1500 patients / year respectively